International Center for Astronomical, Medical and Ecological Research
 Simultaneous observations with the Synchronous Network of Optical Telescopes to study microvariability of stars

The Synchronous Network of Optical Telescopes - a New Facility to Explore Short-Term Phenomena.
The Synchronous Network of distant Telescopes (SNT), which involves several telescopes with diameter (0.6 m - 2.0 m) from four observatories in Ukraine, Russia, Bulgaria, and Greece, was developed by the end of the 1990s. It gives particularly a greater chance to study microvariability of stars, because simultaneous observations at several distant telescopes allow us to suppress the atmospheric and photon noises and to increase significantly a potential achieved precision. The network can operate as an interferometer, too. There are two competing schemes producing interference in astronomy, one combining several telescopes as an interferometric array, the other capable of count correlation measurements with several telescopes. The correlation scheme is known as the Intensity Interferometer. Almost all of the interferometers of today use the Michelson beam combination among several phased pupils with the baselines of tens meters.

The SNT Interferometer (SNTI) can potentially produce results like those of based on the classic Michelson scheme. The SNTI provides a baseline of continental scale about of 1500 km, too. Several fairly separated telescopes are operating synchronously and equipped with the photon counting photometers. The data network synchronization is based on GPS receiver to discipline local photometer time-keeping systems relative to UTC within one microsecond. Key component of the event measurement system includes original scheme of probabilistic identification of coincident counts. Scientific programs for the SNTI include: detection the ultrahigh-frequency variability by consideration of the Bose-Einstein degeneracy, interferometric imaging, as well as a variety of other astrophysical objectives. Meanwhile some interesting results have been obtained from simultaneous observations of the flare star EV Lacertae [s. Zhilyaev B.E., Romanyuk Ya.O., et al. Astron. and Astrophys.-2000.-364.-P.641-645].

Telescopes & Equipment
 2m RCC Telescope produced by Carl Zeiss Jena GmbH (Germany)
 Large Horizontal Solar Telescope  
 Zeiss-600 Telescope
 MAtrix Echelle SpecTROgraph
 Multi Mode Cassegrain
 Terskol Ultra Violet Echelle Spectrometer
Some of the observatory activities
 Spectral investigations of interstellar clouds, solar analogs, X-ray binary stars, etc.
 Orbit calculation and monitoring of geosynchronous satellites
 Simultaneous observations with the Synchronous Network of Optical Telescopes to study microvariability of stars
 Study of gas and dust in comets
 Atmospheric studies