International Center for Astronomical, Medical and Ecological Research
 Atmospheric studies

Towards controlling the air pollution in southeastern Europe.
At the present time the monitoring of atmospheric pollution across Europe is of increasing importance. There is a need to identify the dominant mechanisms responsible for pollutant uplift and long-range transport out of Europe and the altitude at which polluted air masses travel. To obtain a wide picture of air quality over Europe it is essential to collect more information from the southeastern region of Europe.
The primary focus of the project is to develop a network of environmental monitoring stations in southeastern Europe in order to integrate point measurements into a European complex.
There are several observing points, which can operate as environmental monitoring stations or a network: in Ukraine: - Golosiiv by Kiev,- two observational points in the Crimea,- Zmiiny island on the Black Sea;in Russia:- Terskol Peak in the Northern Caucasus.This network can be extended in the nearest years. Technical staffs and some instruments are available at these sites.

We attach importance to the installation of a monitoring station on Terskol Peak. This has some advantages, namely: 1) high-altitude position (3100 m about the sea level); 2) availability of optical telescopes to control the atmosphere by astronomical techniques; 3) availability of a meteorological station.
The network can be used for many research studies, including a quantitative evaluation of trends in ozone, oxidant and precursors as well as investigation of the mechanisms of stratospheric-tropospheric exchange of ozone.
(M.Sosonkin, A.Shavrina, V.Godunova)
Summer 2003

Telescopes & Equipment
 2m RCC Telescope produced by Carl Zeiss Jena GmbH (Germany)
 Large Horizontal Solar Telescope  
 Zeiss-600 Telescope
 MAtrix Echelle SpecTROgraph
 Multi Mode Cassegrain
 Terskol Ultra Violet Echelle Spectrometer
Some of the observatory activities
 Spectral investigations of interstellar clouds, solar analogs, X-ray binary stars, etc.
 Orbit calculation and monitoring of geosynchronous satellites
 Simultaneous observations with the Synchronous Network of Optical Telescopes to study microvariability of stars
  Study of gas and dust in comets
 Atmospheric studies